Types of Salad Greens

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Salad greens are lettuce, cabbage or any other leafy vegetables which can be eaten raw or tossed in olive oil before adding it to salad, sandwich or burger of which it is an important component. Common category of greens used in salads are.
A)     Lettuce
B)     Cabbage
C)     Leaves

A) Lettuce
There is basically three type of lettuce which are further classified under various family.
1)     Head Lettuce: – Lettuce which has a round head or clustered and compact leaves similar to cabbage, example Iceberg, Butterhead, etc.
2)     Romaine or Cos Lettuce: – Those varieties of lettuce which has tall and sturdy leaves with firm ribs at the center.
3)     Leaf Lettuce: – Lettuce with loose leaves for head, leaves are separated, dark green to purple in color.
B) Cabbage
Family of vegetables which has a bulb of leaves for head, light green to dark green in color, even violet color cabbage is found, crunchy and tangy leaves, can be eaten raw, used in salads, soups ad sandwiches.
C) Leaves
Green leafy vegetables which can be eaten raw, used in salads and soups, separate from lettuce and cabbage family.
Example of Salads Greens
Some examples of commonly used greens in salads are listed below.
Arugula
 
Types of Lettuce
Arugula
 
Also known as Rocket lettuce, Eruca Sativa, Rucola, Rucoli, Rugula, etc. Grows up to 90- 100 cm in height. The leaves are green in color and have deeply pinnate lobes with four to ten small lateral lobes and a large central lobe. Used in salad and Sandwich.
 
Australe Lettuce
 
Types of Lettuce
Australe
 
Mini head, delicate and dense greenish purple leaves, from the butterhead family, mild in taste and crisp texture.
 
 
 
 
 
Bambi Lettuce
 
Types of Lettuce
Bambi
 
Dark green color lettuce, smooth and curly leaves, has rich lettuce flavor and texture. From butterhead family.
 
 
 
 
Belgian Endive
 
Types of Lettuce
Belgian Endive
 
Also called as Witloof in Dutch, Indivia in Italy, Endivias in Spain, Chicory in UK, Endive in US and France, Chicon in Wallonia and Witlof in Australia. Yellowish gold in color, high in nutrition and minerals, has tangy and unmatched flavor. Belgian endive is considered in ranks with the best wines, truffles, caviar and saffron. It is the very best of its class.
Bibb Lettuce
 
Types of Lettuce
Bibb
 
Smaller head, from the Butterhead family of lettuce, similar to Bambi but lighter in color, juicy- sweet flavor.
 
 
 
Blood Sorrel or Red Veined Sorrel
 
Types of Lettuce
Blood Sorrel
 
Bright green color leaves, with dark maroon color stem and veins, tangy and sharp taste, tender leaves are used in soup, sauces and salads.
 
 
 
 
Bok Choy
 
Types of Lettuce
Bok Choy
 
Also called as pak choi, type of a Chinese cabbage, do not have head like regular cabbage, smooth and dark green in color leaves. Used in salads, and sandwich.
 
 
 
 
Boston Lettuce
 
Types of Lettuce
Boston
 
From the Butterhead family of lettuce, similar in taste and appearance with Bibb, Butter and Bambi.
 
 
 
Butterhead Lettuce
 
Types of Lettuce
Butterhead
 
Similar to Boston and Bambi in taste, appearance and texture but slightly bigger than Bibb.
 
 
 
 
 
Cherkoee Lettuce
 
Types of Lettuce
Cherkoee
 
Dark magenta/purple colored leafy lettuce with bright green color stem, has very good flavor, leaves are crunchy and crisp. The head is loose not compact like iceberg.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Chinese Cabbage
 
Types of Lettuce
Chinese Cabbage
 
Chinese cabbage have broad green leaves with white petioles, tightly wrapped in a cylindrical formation and usually forming a compact head.
 
 
 
Cress or Garden Cress
 
Types of Lettuce
Cress
 
Cress is genetically related to watercress and mustard, sharing their peppery, tangy flavor and aroma. Cress is also known as mustard and cress, garden pepper cress, pepper wort, pepper grass, or poor man’s pepper. Garden cress is added to soups, sandwiches and salads for its tangy flavor.
 
Curly Endive
 
Types of Lettuce
Curly Endive
 
Curly endive, or frisée. This type has narrow, green, curly outer leaves, it has bit bitter taste. It is sometimes called chicory in the US. and is called chicorée frisée in French.
 
 
 
 
Escarole
 
Types of Lettuce
Escarole
 
Also known as broad leaved lettuce from the endive family, it has broad, pale green leaves and is less bitter than the other endives. Other names include Bavarian endive, Batavian endive, Grumolo, Scarola, and Scarole. It is eaten like other greens, sauteed, chopped into soups and stews, or as part of a green salad.
 
 
Frisee Lettuce
 
Types of Lettuce
Frisee
 
Looseleaf, curly and thick stem lettuce, sharp in taste, texture is crisp and crunchy and slightly bitter in taste. Member of chicory family.
 
 
 
 
 
Green Ice Lettuce
 
Types of Lettuce
Green Ice
 
Also known as Muir. Looseleaf lettuce, large cluster of minty green ruffled leaves, crisp and crunchy texture, sumptuous taste, similar to Kale.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Green Leaf Lettuce
 
Types of Lettuce
Green Leaf Lettuce
 
Green, shiny and frilly leaves, milder and sweeter in taste than iceberg.
 
 
 
 
Iceberg Lettuce
 
Types of Lettuce
Iceberg Lettuce
 
One of the famous lettuce, mint green color, crisp and crunchy leaves, mildly sweet flavor, takes the flavor of the partner.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kale
 
Types of Lettuce
Kale
 
One of the healthiest considered food, dark green color leaves, doesn’t have head at the center, strong flavored and sweeter in taste. Kale can be classified by its leaf type such as Curly-Leaved (Scots Kale, Blue Curled Kale), Plain-Leaved, Rape Kale (Hungry Kale), Leaf and Spear (a cross between curly-leaved and plain-leaved kale), Cavolo Nero (also known as Black Cabbage, Tuscan Cabbage, Tuscan Kale, Lacinato and Dinosaur Kale), Jersey Kale, Cow Kale.
Lambs Lettuce/Mache
 
Types of Lettuce
Lambs Lettuce/Mache
 
Also known as, Fetticus, Mache, Nut Lettuce, Rapunzel, etc. small dark green leaves, nutty flavor and soft texture.
 
 
 
 
Lollo Rosso
 
Types of Lettuce
Lollo Rosso
 
Looseleaf lettuce, curly and wine color leaves, greenish stem, has nutty taste and juicy flavor crisp in texture.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Merlot
 
Types of Lettuce
Merlot
 
Looseleaf leaf lettuce, one of the darkest color lettuce, dark purple or deep red color, crisp and shiny leaves, mild in taste.
 
 
 
 
 
Mesculn
 
Types of Lettuce
Mesculn
 
Mesclun is not a name of a plant but a name given to mix of salad greens. The greens are sown close to each other, harvested together and mixed together. The traditional mix usually includes chervil, arugula, leafy lettuces and endive.
 
 
 
Miners Lettuce
 
Types of Lettuce
Miners Lettuce
 
Also known as Indian Lettuce, Spring Beauty, Winter Purslane. The first leaves is usually bright green or brownish-green, succulent, long and narrow. Crunchy, mild taste, tender big green leaves.
 
 
 
 
 
Mizzuna
 
Types of Lettuce
Mizzuna
 
Looseleaf lettuce, jagged end leaves, mildly sweet taste, dark green color leaves.
 
 
 
 
 
Oak Leaf Lettuce
 
Types of Lettuce
Green and Red Leaf Lettuce
 
Red or green color serrated edge leaves, from the butterhead family of lettuce, slightly bitter in taste.
 
Oscarde Lettuce
 
Types of Lettuce
Oscarde
 
Clustered lobed leaves, deep cherry-red color, crisp and tender, mild bitter taste.
 
 
 
 
 
Radicchio
 
Types of Lettuce
Radicchio
 
Also known as Italian Chicory. Similar to red cabbage, lobed clustered of red colored leaves n a shape of a ball, the leaves has white curvy thick veins, crunchy, crisp and flavorful. Taste is bitter, smoky and spicy.
 
 
Red Cabbage
 
Types of Lettuce
Red Cabbage
 
Crisp, round bulb of leaves from the cabbage family, purple color leaves and veins, taste is sweet with little bitterness, crunchy texture.
 
 
 
Red Leave Lettuce or Red Sails Lettuce
 
Types of Lettuce
Red Leave Lettuce
 
Red, shiny, frilly leaves, sweet and milder taste, leaves are very tender.
 
 
 
 
Red Stem Lettuce or Red Chard
 
Types of Lettuce
Red Stem Lettuce
 
Also known as Swiss Chard, Rubarb Chard. It has as large paddle shaped green leaves with red stem and veins. Bitter when raw, sweet when cooked. There is also a green color chard.
 
 
Savoy Cabbage
 
Types of Lettuce
Savoy Cabbage
 
Green color cabbage, crinkled leaves, tender and crunchy, sweeter and milder taste.
 
 
 
 
Skyphos Lettuce
 
Types of Lettuce
Skyphos Lettuce
 
Large red heads with contrasting green centers. Excellent flavor and texture.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sorrel
 
Types of Lettuce
Sorrel
 
Paddle shaped leaves, green color leave, tender, the taste is lemony, used in salad. Other type of sorrel are French Sorrel, Sheep’s Sorrel, Garden Sorrel, Red Veined Sorrel.
 
 
 
 
Spinach
 
Types of Lettuce
Spinach
 
Dark green color paddle shaped leaves, used after cooking, crunchy leaves when fresh.
 
 
 
 
Summer Crisp Lettuce
 
Types of Lettuce
Summer Crisp Lettuce
 
Frilly leaves lettuce, comes in many color like magenta, green, dark red, purple. Leaves are soft and less crisp, mild flavor.
 
 
 
 
Tad Soi
 
Types of Lettuce
Tad Soi
 
Similar to spinach but the leaves are small and in shape of a spoon, taste is mustardy flavor like radish leaves, color is dark green.
 
 
 
Tango Lettuce
 
Types of Lettuce
Green and Red Tango Lettuce
 
Semi spiky leaves, magenta and green color, tangy in taste. Not very popular.
 
Teide Lettuce
 
Types of Lettuce
Teide Lettuce
 
Dark purplish green colored frilly leaves, soft and less crispy leaves, mild in flavor.
 
 
 
 
 
Treviso Lettuce
 
Types of Lettuce
Treviso
 
Similar to radicchio but instead of round it is long in shape, bitter and nutty flavor, taste is also milder in comparison.
 
 
 
 
Watercress
 
Types of Lettuce
Watercress
 
One of the strongest tasting salad leaves, deep green leaves, and crisp, paler stems, pungent, slightly bitter, peppery flavor. Texture of the leaves is similar to that of mustard leaves.
 
 
 
 
Wood Sorrel
 
Types of Lettuce
Wood Sorrel
 

 

Wild plant which has clover-like leaves, arranged alternately along the stem, divided into 3 heart-shaped leaflets. Color is green, lemony flavor, not at all bitter, sour in taste.

 

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